“This is not a run-of-the-mill rotation,” Gen. Mark A. Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said of the curriculum. “This is one of those moments in time where if you want to make a difference, this is it.”
The general’s visit marked his first trip to this facility in the muddy Bavarian countryside since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine nearly a year ago. The base, covering roughly 90 square miles, began hosting Ukrainian forces in 2014, when Russia annexed Ukraine’s Crimean peninsula. It’s now the site of a newly expanded regimen for the Ukrainian military, which sent a battalion of more than 600 soldiers to spend up to six weeks learning how to layer tanks, artillery and other weapons to maximize their effects ahead of an expected counteroffensive against Russian forces entrenched on Ukraine territory.
While at Grafenwoehr, the Ukrainians are quartered at Camp Kherson, named in apparent homage to the city that Ukrainian forces liberated in November.
Three American journalists were permitted to shadow Milley as he interacted with Ukrainian troops on the condition that no photographs or videos were taken, and his specific conversations with them were not disclosed. The United States and its allies continue to ramp up their military support for the government in Kyiv, but officials remain deeply concerned about how the assistance is perceived in Russia. The Kremlin has accused the United States and NATO of using the Ukrainians to wage a proxy war with Moscow.
Later Monday, the U.S. military released a single photograph from the excursion showing Milley observing the training while flanked by a coterie of U.S. military officials, including Brig. Gen. Joseph E. Hilbert, commanding general of the 7th Army Training Command based at the installation.
Milley also visited another Army headquarters in Wiesbaden, west of Frankfurt, where a planning conference with Ukrainian military officials was underway. Journalists were not allowed to observe the meeting, and details about it were not disclosed.
The general’s travels in Germany came as senior civilian officials with the Biden administration visited Kyiv itself. Wendy Sherman, the deputy secretary of state; Colin Kahl, the undersecretary of defense for policy; and Jon Finer, the White House deputy national security adviser, met with President Volodymyr Zelensky and other senior Ukrainian officials.
The Ukrainian soldiers began arriving at Grafenwoehr late last week and commenced their training on Sunday. Milley observed them on a marksmanship range and familiarizing themselves with U.S.-provided Bradley infantry fighting vehicles, advanced weapons that President Biden approved for transfer to Ukraine early this month as the Pentagon said they were intended to help Ukraine take back territory from Russian control.
In temperatures hovering under 40 degrees, Milley bantered with the Ukrainian soldiers and asked about their backgrounds and experience in combat, sometimes in English and sometimes through an interpreter. Their mission is urgent, Milley noted, and has international support. The conversations were punctuated by occasional gunfire, as Ukrainian soldiers nearby honed their skills with rifles and the M240B machine gun.
A spokesman for Milley, Col. David Butler, said the training is an extension of what the United States has provided since 2014. It’s part of the international effort, Butler said, to help Ukrainian forces repel the Russian invaders.
“The urgency was clear,” Butler said. “These soldiers are going off to defend their country in combat.”
Milley, speaking Sunday while flying from Washington to Europe, stressed the timeliness of the effort while acknowledging it is not yet clear how quickly the Ukrainian unit brought to Germany will be ready to use the new weapons in combat.
“It’ll take a bit of time,” Milley said. “Five, six, seven, eight weeks, who knows. We’ll see what happens here. But in terms of the criticality of it, the need is now.”
Milley is expected to spend the week in Europe, also visiting an installation used as a way station to move weapons into Ukraine and meeting with senior allied military officials. On Friday, he will join Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin at Ramstein Air Base in Germany for the latest meeting of the Ukraine Contact Group, a regular gathering of international defense officials who are open to assisting Ukraine militarily and examining what sorts of equipment they may provide.
The general said that even as Ukraine stresses its desire for tanks and other armored vehicles, its top need is more air defense, a persistent challenge underscored by Russia launching a missile attack over the weekend on an apartment complex in the city of Dnipro that has killed dozens of people.
“They’re getting hit every few weeks with really significant attacks, and they’re attacks on the civilian infrastructure,” the general said. “The Russians are consciously, as a matter of policy, attacking civilians and civilian infrastructure. That in of itself is a war crime.”
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